Thyroid Cancer Treatment
Thyroid cancer treatment is usually initially treated by surgically removing either the thyroid cancer tissue or the whole thyroid gland, a procedure known as a “Thyroidectomy”. If thyroid cancer has spread beyond the thyroid, any other affected tissue, such as the lymph glands in the neck, will also be removed.Your thyroid cancer treatment options depend on the type and stage of your thyroid cancer treatment, your overall health, and your preferences.Most cases of thyroid cancer treatment can be suppressed or halted completely in these ways:
- Radioactive Iodine Treatment
- Anti-thyroid Medication
Radioactive Iodine Treatment:Radioactive iodine treatment is often used to destroy any remaining healthy thyroid tissue, as well as microscopic areas of thyroid cancer that weren’t removed during surgery.Radioactive iodine treatment used to treat thyroid cancer.This treatment comes as a capsule or liquid that you swallow. If your doctor decides that radioactive iodide treatment is best for thyroid cancer treatment, you will be asked to swallow a tablet or liquid containing radioactive iodine in amounts large enough to damage the cells of your thyroid gland and limit or destroy their ability to produce hormones.Radioactive iodine treatment uses large doses of a form of iodine that’s radioactive.
Anti-thyroid Medication: If you start using anti-thyroid medications, your thyroid cancer treatment should begin to disappear . However, you will need to continue taking the medication for about a year. At that time, your doctor will check to see if the medicine can be stopped. You will need to receive periodic medical exams once you are off the medicine to make sure that the condition has not returned. Anti-thyroid medication includes:
- Injecting Alcohol into cancers
- Targeted Drug Therapy
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a drug thyroid cancer treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is typically given as an infusion through a vein. The chemicals travel throughout your body, killing quickly growing cells, including cancer cells. For people with thyroid cancer treatment, chemotherapy may be combined with radiation therapy.
- Injecting Alcohol into Thyroid Cancer: Alcohol ablation involves injecting small thyroid cancer treatment with alcohol using imaging such as ultrasound to ensure precise placement of the injection. This thyroid cancer treatment is helpful for treating cancer that occurs in areas that aren’t easily accessible during surgery. Your doctor may recommend this thyroid cancer treatment if you have recurrent thyroid cancer limited to small areas in your neck.
- Targeted drug therapy: Targeted drug therapy uses medications that attack specific vulnerabilities in cancer cells.These drugs target the signals that tell cancer cells to grow and divide. .Targeted drugs used for thyroid cancer treatment treat includes:
- Cabozantinib (Cometriq)
- Sorafenib (Nexavar)
- Vandetanib (Caprelsa)
Surgery: Most people with thyroid cancer treatment undergo surgery to remove all or most of the thyroid. Operations used to thyroid cancer treatment includes:
- Removing all or most of the thyroid: In most cases, doctors recommend removing the entire thyroid in order to treat thyroid cancer.
- Removing lymph nodes in the neck: When removing your thyroid, the surgeon may also remove enlarged lymph nodes from your neck and test them for cancer cells.
- Removing a portion of the thyroid: In certain situations where the thyroid cancer is very small, your surgeon may recommend removing only one side (lobe) of your thyroid.
Conclusion: Hence, thyroid cancer treatment usually involves removing all or part of the thyroid gland. In cases where thyroid cancer is advanced or aggressive, radioactive iodine treatment may be recommended after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that couldn’t be removed during surgery. When thyroid cancer is found in its earliest stage, and the cancer is very small, it may only be necessary to remove one side, or lobe, of the thyroid, and leave the rest in place.If thyroid cancer is found in its later stages, if it’s a more aggressive form of cancer, or if it is cancer that has come back after earlier treatment, then radioactive iodine therapy may be recommended after the thyroid has been removed