Did you know that more women develop and die of cervical cancer than any other type of cancer in South Africa? Brush up on your facts right here.
- More women develop and die of cervical cancer than any other type of cancer in South Africa.
- Worldwide a woman dies of cervical cancer every two minutes.
- Each year in South Africa, approximately 6700 women develop cervical cancer while an estimated 3700 die from it.
- In South Africa a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer in her lifetime is 1 in 31.
- The cause of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a common sexually transmitted infection. It does not affect men, although they are carriers of the virus.
- Up to 80 percent of sexually active women will acquire an HPV infection in their lifetime, with the risk increasing with age.
- It is a cancer that is often diagnosed late and the survival rate is low.
- Research shows that less than 20 percent of South African women have ever gone for a Pap smear (the recommended method of screening for cervical cancer).
- The incidence of cervical cancer in South Africa is high when compared to women in western countries and appears at a younger age.
- Factors that increase a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer include early sexual activity, multiple sexual partners and smoking.